4 Basic Types of Car Brakes You Should Know
Car owners shouldn’t just know how to drive; they also need to be familiar with the basic components of their car so they know how to prevent wearing these out. Some DIY car repair will also come in handy, especially in times of emergencies on the road.
The brakes of your car are perhaps its most important safety and security feature. If you aren’t yet familiar with these, we’ll walk you through the four basic braking systems for automobiles.
- The Disc – Disc brakes are equipped with calipers, which clamp disc brake pads to produce friction that causes your vehicle to slow or halt completely. This type of brake also includes a disc brake rotor, which is connected to your car’s wheels.Fun fact: The disc brakes were first developed and explored in England in the 1890s. However, it wasn’t until 60 years after that its use was widely adapted by the automotive industry because it was considered to be an impractical option. To know more about disc brakes, you can talk to with your local EBC red stuff brake pads provider.
- The Drum – As the name implies, drum-type brakes are composed of a brake drum that is connected to the wheel, wheel cylinder, brake shoes, and brake return springs. When hydraulic pressure is applied, the cylinder presses on the brake shoes, which in turn push against the brake drum. The movement generates the friction you need to slow your speed or stop your car. Drum brakes are commonly used in heavy-duty, medium, and light duty trucks, as well as in ATVs and dirt bikes. It is also sometimes used as parking or emergency brakes, particularly when the rear wheels are outfitted with disc brakes as the main braking system.
- The Emergency – Modern cars include a secondary braking system. It is commonly referred to as emergency brakes, parking brakes, or e-brake. It does not draw power from a hydraulic system. Instead, it uses cables to put the brakes in motion. Parking/emergency brakes keep your car in a stationary condition, which is helpful if you’re busy using both your feet to use the gas and clutch pedals.
Emergency brakes can take different forms: a handle or push button attached on the steering column; a stick lever fixed between the driver’s seat and the passenger seat; and left pedal located on the left side of all floor pedals.
- The Anti-lock – Anti-lock braking systems (ABS) can be typically found in new car models. This innovative braking system can help you avoid skidding when you suddenly step on the brakes. It can monitor your wheels and apply brake pressure if it detects any occurrence of skidding. An ABS system is especially helpful to have when you’re navigating wet or slippery roads.
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